central nervous system
Acronym: CNS
The term central nervous system refers to one of two parts of the classical nervous system defined on the basis of dissection. In vertebrates it is the part located within the cranial cavity and vertebral column. It is divided into two parts: brain and spinal cord ( Carpenter-1983 ). It is found in the human, macaque, rat, mouse and other mammals. In the Functional CNS Model - Rat the central nervous system is divided into central nervous system gray matter and central nervous system white matter ( Swanson-2004 ). In both models the other part of the nervous system is the peripheral nervous system.

Also known as: cerebrospinal axis, neuraxis


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