Source: Pandya-1973

Architectonic parcellation of the temporal operculum in rhesus monkey and its projection pattern

Pandya DN., Sanides F
Z Anat Entwicklungsgesch 1973 Mar 20;139(2):127-61

Cyto- and myeloarchitectonic investigation of the temporal operculum and the exposed superior temporal gyrus was combined with a connection study of the projection fibers of the pertinent areas in the rhesus monkey. A belt-like organization of the auditory region with a koniocortex core (correspondmig to AI) surrounded by belt areas was revealed. This organization principally resembled that of the auditory region of the cat and that of other sensory regions. The belt is composed of one prokoniocortex area (proA, corresponding to AII) in parinsular location and of a caudal (paAc), lateral (paAlt) and rostral (paAr) parakoniocortex area. The latter has a particular character. It was found to be the target of thalamic projections of the caudalmost portion of GMpc. In contrast to the other parakonio areas it does not receive associations of the koniocortex. The belt areas, including the prokoniocortex, are ipsilaterally and transcallosally interconnected as in the somatic sensory and visual regions. The koniocortex core is formed by two areas, Kam and Kalt, corresponding to the architectonic organization hitherto only known in man. The medial area (Kam) has a large number of homotopical callosal projections except at its medial border (to proA). The lateral area receives less callosal fibers, particularly most of its lateral portion is devoid of terminations. Since the belt areas are rich in callosal projections the supratemporal plane shows a pattern of three stripes of callosal terminations with two intermittent stripes void of terminations. While the projections of the koniocortex into the belt areas terminate prevalently in layer IV, the parakoniocortex sends fibers only into layers I and II of the koniocortex. This corresponds to results in somatic sensory and visual regions. In contrast to other sensory regions the auditory koniocortex receives its exceptionally dense, homotopic callosal connections in the whole outer stratum with emphasis on layer III, as opposed to layer IV in the somatic sensory region.

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